THE UNITED STATES, CUBA, AND MASS DATA TRANSIT
The American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) keeps a database of
Internet Providers (IP). This data is public and can be accessed at its site:
Since each IP has an assigned number which appears in
ARIN'S database you can determine to which other IP
is connected to. You can also determine the relationship
of both numbers and how they are related to other networks
where they meet at the top of the hierarchy.
The government of Cuba owns the IP Classes 216.72.24, 216.72.25, 216.72.26
and 216.72.27 as part of the network 18.104.22.168 which in turn originates in
a company called GLOBAL ONE. This corporation is domiciled in Reston,
Virginia, USA a few blocks away and on the same street of Castro friendly
American On Line (AOL) the Internet Service Provider (ISP) with the greatest
number of subscribers in the world.
Global One received authorization from the Federal Communications Commission
(FCC) to operate as a "facilities base" and resale carrier in the United
States. This license granted under Section 214 of the US communications Act,
authorizes Global One to directly provide its full portfolio of IP to US
based customers, both domestically and between the U.S. and other countries.
Global One is a leader in "all-distance" communications data, Internet and
international services. Note that another company, Sprint, is closely
connected with Global One, also of global reach and at the forefront of
advanced data communications services. Sprint's Government Systems Division
has been delivering telecommunications solutions tailored for defense
agencies and governments for more than a decade with a significant portion of
those cutting edge communications services in the area of Intelligence.
Empresa de Telecomunaciones de Cuba S.A.-- 22.214.171.124 / 126.96.36.199
Comando del Ejército Colombiano --------- 188.8.131.52 / 184.108.40.206
Ministerio de Defensa de Colombia-------- 220.127.116.11 / 18.104.22.168
Asociación Chilena de Seguridad---------- 22.214.171.124 / 126.96.36.199
Guatemala Open Source Intelligence (OSI)-- 188.8.131.52 / 184.108.40.206
http://www.osint.net - Ernesto Rossbach in charge. Programming a complete
bank system created under the concept of On Line Transaction Processing
added to a local box system. Development and implementation of a network for
transferring data to remote places through cellular lines, microwaves, radio
and normal phone lines. Protocol development for communicating VISA-NET with
UNIX. Installation of Bank Systems in Russia. Installation of Communication
Systems between the Science Academies of Moscow, Denver and Guatemala.
BEST SECURITY - Venezuela ----220.127.116.11 / 18.104.22.168
British Embassy in Venezuela-----22.214.171.124 / 126.96.36.199
VSR de Colombia - Security company - 188.8.131.52 /184.108.40.206
Distributor of AES-Intellinet - Security Systems
Meganet-Chilean security organization --220.127.116.11 - 18.104.22.168
TESAM de Venezuela ----22.214.171.124 / 126.96.36.199
Specialized in "satellite telephone" sales that operate worldwide and phones
designed to work on transport vessels on the high seas.
The list of the members of this club is by itself revealing.
Since this information is public the arrangement is obviously
not a cover operation. Although this information may seem
rather secretive or classified, everything here was obtained
through regular public channels. We are not in this particular
field of counterintelligence and we did not travel into
ememy territory to obtain sensitive materials.
What we can see is that there is, and has been, a pattern
of cooperation that implies the existence a some long-standing
agreement between the United States and Communist Cuba.
This relationship has only become more evident through
the use of modern information gathering techniques.
Very rarely but possible the CIA and the KGB or the CIA
and Cuban Intelligence could work together on a particular
common interest operation or case. Both parties would do
it very cautiously. But to operate on a daily basis within
the same "communication system" would be difficult to
imagine unless they ceased to be enemies as it happened
with the OSS/CIA and Nazi intelligence (enemies), later
West German Intelligence (allies).
Here is a brief history of the United States and Cuba
In 1992 Cuba apparently agreed to receive US computer
scientists and communications experts to assess their
computer systems and network connectivity. Here is a
historic excerpt explaining Sprint International's
connection to the communist block since at least
1988 and the thorough inspection that was carried
out by the US on Cuban soil.
CENIAI is also Cuba's connection to IASnet. IASnet
is a joint network for (in many cases, now former)
socialist countries operated by VNIIPAS (The All
Union Scientific Research Institute for Applied
Computerized Systems) in Moscow. VNIIPAS has
multiple links to Western data networks using
X.75. A link to Sprint (previously known as
Telenet) has existed since at least 1988, and
when we visited CENIAI we were able to dial
into one of our computers in Arizona via Moscow and Sprint.
CENIAI also provides electronic access to business,
biomedical and other databases. A more detailed
discussion of CENIAI's activities may be obtained
by anonymous ftp from the global_net directory at
The Cuban connection to IASnet is through an X.25
PAD board located in one of the two CENIAI Unix
microcomputers. These systems handle approximately
485 users, and are connected to each over via an
Ethernet. The connection from Cuba to Moscow is
via a satellite at 4800 bps. This line was installed
in 1983. Until 1990, they paid no charges for use of
the line. Now, they pay dollars or other hard
(convertible) currency to VNIIPAS for packet
traffic over the IASnet circuit. In 1984, it
was reported that Cuba was the most prolific
user of the IASnet services, with a total of
360 hours of connect time.
One of the authors (Snyder) was able to make a
direct connection from the CENIAI Unix system
to a VAX/VMS system in his apartment using a
single X.121 address at the Havana end. To get
to the Login prompt, his connection ran from the
PAD program on the CENIAI Unix microcomputer over
the X.25 satellite link to Moscow. VNIIPAS received
the call and routed it to the international Sprint
network. It was routed to Reston, Virginia where
it entered the domestic US network. Sprint conveyed
the call to Columbus, Ohio, and passed it to the
CompuServe X.25 gateway. CompuServe carried it to
University of Arizona's Telecommunications Group
where it was translated from X.25 to DECnet format,
and routed through Ethernet, fiber optics, a 56K
line, and an asynch 9.6K DECnet line to Snyder's
apartment. The gateway VAX in his apartment passed
the call to his workstation VAX, which displayed
In the 1995 seminar named "Internet Society Workshop on
Network Technology for Developing Countries" that took
place in Honolulu, Hawaii high ranking technical officials
from the U.S. telecommunications giants Sprint International
and MCI, the United States Center for Disease Control, the
US Department of Defense Information Systems and Cuban
biotechnology had a chance to meet in person.
The goals of the workshop were:
1. To train a critical mass of trainer/professionals in network infrastructure, transport, services, and management to be able to support an extension of meaningful Internet-related activities within the countries represented.
2. To identify and share individual and institutional contacts as well as information sources that will assist the process of national development, using international Internet connections.
3. To build robust professional linkages between all participants in the programs so that the mentor-student and colleague-colleague relationships formed during the workshop and conferences will remain strong and of continuing usefulness well beyond the workshop and conference.
4. To increase the level of cooperation among existing projects and activities for establishing data networks in developing countries.
5. To train small groups of trainers from the same country or region who can and will replicate and extend such training in their own country or region.
Among the attendees were:
Center for Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology,
Armas Alvarez de la Campa, Carlos
Lorenzo-Luaces Dominguez, Luis
||CIGBnet Executive Director|
Lopez Centeno, Nelson
||CIGBnet Technical Staff|
Armona Araujo, Feliz
||CIGBnet Technical Staff|
Sprint/Sprint International Reston, Va., USA
||Director, Global Data Services |
||Regional Manager |
||Senior NTE |
|| Internet Product Manager|
|| Director, International Systems|
||Manager, SprintLink Product Mgmt.|
US Intelligence, Reston, Va., USA
||Chief, Strategic Planning Office
||DISA Center for Standards|
MCI Communications Reston, Va., USA
||Senior Data Architect|
||Senior Vice President|
|| Director Internet Engineering|
Cisco Systems, Reston, Va., USA
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Roswell, GA
||Chief, Information Res. Mgt. Activity|
Others from Reston, Va., USA
While the Cuban exile community and the world was
tending to the Elian Gonzalez crisis and while the
INS swat team was training to take Elian by force
on April 22, 2000 the FCC was in the process of
approving a request by the US State Dept, Sprint
International, and Cuba to expand its communications
by almost 1000% from its INTELSAT satellite in Franklin,
New Jersey to ETECSA in Havana. The FCC and the State Dept
justified their unprecedented expansion request by citing
the 1934 Communications Act and the 1992 Cuba Democracy
Act. Here are some of the FCC autorization highlights:
ORDER AND AUTHORIZATION
Adopted: May 25, 2000 Released: May 26, 2000
By the Chief, Telecommunications Division:
We grant Sprint Communications Company, L.P. ("Sprint"),
authority, pursuant to Section 214 of the Communications
Act of 1934, as amended, and Section 63.18 of the
Commission's rules, to upgrade an existing private
line circuit between an authorized international
earth station in Franklin, New Jersey and an
INTELSAT Atlantic Ocean Region ("AOR") satellite,
together with necessary connecting facilities, from
256 Kilobits per second (Kbps) to 2 Megabits per
Sprint is a limited partnership organized under the
laws of Delaware and is a common carrier subject to
the Communications Act of 1934, as amended. Sprint
is currently authorized by the Commission to provide
service directly to Cuba.
On March 2, 2000, Sprint filed this Application seeking
authority to lease and operate additional satellite
facilities for service between the United States and Cuba.
On March 15, 2000, we placed the application on public notice. We received no comments or petitions to deny.
On July 22, 1993 the US Dept of State informed the FCC of
guidelines to be used for telecommunications between the
US and Cuba. The State Dept justified their authority by
citing the Cuba Democracy Act where it says
"telecommunications services between the United States
and Cuba shall be permitted".
Requirements set by the State Dept were :
1) the proposals must have the potential to be operational
within a year;
2) settlements must not be more favorable to Cuba than the
current 50/50 split of the $1.20 per minute accounting
rate and Cuba must cover half the costs of construction,
maintenance and/or lease of transmission facilities;
3) proposals must be limited to equipment and services
necessary to deliver a signal to Cuba;
4) proposals must utilize modes of communications already
in place between the U.S. and Cuba; and
5) carriers shall report the number of circuits activated
by facility on June 30 and December 31 of each year and
on the one-year anniversary of the FCC authorization.
Furthermore, applicants must provide a narrative
description of their proposed agreement as well as a
sworn statement that the foreign correspondent agrees
to activate the proposed circuits on the Cuban end.
Sprint states that the proposed facilities will
be operational within a year and that the facilities
requested are necessary for, and limited to, the
delivery of a signal to an international telecommunications
gateway in Cuba. Because the proposed facilities are
private line circuits, there are no settlement payments.
Sprint states that it and its foreign correspondent,
Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Cuba S.A. ("ETECSA")
will each provide and bear the cost of matching half
circuits and connecting facilities.
The U.S. Department of State advised us that it
approves the grant of this Application.
We find that granting the Application will further
the goals of the Cuban Democracy Act of 1992, which
calls for the authorization of facilities "in such
quantity and of such quality as may be necessary to
provide efficient and adequate telecommunications
services between the United States and Cuba."
We find that the Application is consistent with the
Executive Branch guidelines set forth in the Department
of State letter for implementation of the Cuban Democracy
Act of 1992.
14. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this Order is subject
to revocation without a hearing in the event the
Department of State or the Federal Communications
Commission determines that the continuation of
communications between the United States and Cuba
is no longer in the national interest.
17. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this authorization, issued
pursuant to Section 0.261 of the Commission's rules, is
effective upon release. Petitions for reconsideration
under Section 1.106 or applications for review under
Section 1.115 of the Commission's rules may be filed
within 30 days of public notice of this Order (see
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
The level of cooperation between the United States and the
Cuban government has reached such proportions that there
is or has been a Cuban government consultant on the US
NASA space program, which by the way is under the direction
of the US Vice President.
Hidalgo-Cano, Carlos Jose
Calle Loma y 39 (4to Piso)
We are not a US law experts but how did we manage with the
existing Helms/Burton law in force, to negotiate the
purchase or acquisition of these IP numbers? We congratulate
all involved at MININT and Colomé.
Think about it, they are operating in the same network
class 216.72 and in the same most sophisticated technology
network there is. Again, what all of this means to us is
that for some time there must have been far reaching deals
that determined the destiny of millions of people.
Finally, there is in the public records easily available a
Robert Castelli who appears as the administrator of part
of the 216.72 network at Sprint International/Global One.
There is a Robert Castelli who is considered the top US
Security, terrorism and biological weapons expert. There
is a Professor Robert Castelli of John Jay College in
New York. There is also a Robert Castelli in charge of
making administrative changes to the internet configurations
of the Angolan Telecommunications Company.
Publicado en la Revista Guaracabuya,
en la Revista Guamá:
Órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País