JUAN J. BUTTARI
4730 Briar Patch Lane
Fairfax, Va. 22032
Fax : 202-216-3025
• Application of economics to problem-solving in economic policy,
labor/capital market issues, and social sector concerns;
• Policy reform negotiation and related policy dialogue activities in behalf
of international and bilateral organizations leading to policy reform in
• Economic and financial evaluation of projects and programs, including
social sector projects;
• Design and coordination of applied economic research by Ph.D. level
researchers in top national institutions in diverse developing countries;
• Management and leadership in the conceptualization, negotiation, and
implementation of projects;
• Oral presentation of technical, sensitive, complex issues in
international, academic, and policymaking fora;
• Publication of results of applied macro and microeconomic analysis in
books and technical papers;
• Overseas professional assignments include: Brazil, Bulgaria, El
Salvador, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, Mozambique, Republic of Macedonia,
Poland, and Portugal.
• Language capabilities in Spanish, Portuguese, and French in addition to
Diverse training programs and workshops in financial sector issues,
management practices, and computer applications, (1985-1995).
Ph.D., Georgetown University (1973), Economics
M. A., Georgetown University (1971), Economics
B. A., University of Puerto Rico (1967), Economics
Department of Business Administration, University of Florida (1964), Basic
PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE SUMMARY (with illustrative achievements)
Senior Economist for Program and Policy Analysis, Economic Growth Center,
Global Bureau. U.S. Agency for International Development (Washington D.C.).
Senior economic advisor to the Economic Growth Center on economic policy and
project related issues. Lead the analysis of financial, social and labor
market policies and projects averaging obligations of $100 million yearly.
Staff management. (1994 to present.)
· Spearheaded USAID's involvement in pension-system reform as part of the
Agency's support to social safety net strengthening in transition countries;
through analysis and seminars demonstrated the need to be at the forefront in
social safety net issues.
· Pioneered methodology and field work to analyze the impact on poverty of
capital market development; based on economic theory, and quantitative and
survey methods, the resulting analysis positively influenced shift in USAID
· Developed a strategic approach framework for negotiating policy reform in
Haiti and identified the policy conditionality options; framework served as
the basis for the successful negotiation of a $45 million emergency balance of
payments support program.
· Developed a methodology for the analysis of how economic reform has
affected labor market opportunities for women in developing countries;
prototype method applied in El Salvador and extended to countries in Africa,
Asia, and the Middle East; the analysis shows how development institutions can
act in behalf of women workers consistently with the promotion of economic
growth and competitive markets.
Supervisory Economist and Coordinator of Policy Reform, Center for
Development Information and Evaluation, Policy Directorate, U.S. Agency for
International Development (Washington D.C.). Managed sector teams engaged in
the evaluation of policy reform, public sector management, and private sector
development. (1991 to 1994).
· Advanced the state-of-the-art of USAID credit project programming through a
clearly written professional review and critique of the experience with
targeted credit and of the theory on which it is based; the review has
influenced the practices of USAID Missions and has influenced policy
decisions of aid-recipient governments --e.g., Government of Swaziland, USAID
Missions in Asia.
· Directed the development and successful conclusion of a methodology to
assess the impact of structural reform programs; the methodology provided
USAID, and other bilateral and multilateral agencies, with a useful tool to
gauge the results of reform programs they have supported.
· Determined USAID strategy to help the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
strengthen its social safety net and pension fund policies; revised the work
of an outside contractor and led discussions with FYROM and USAID in-country
officials; recommendations accepted and funds set aside for suggested
· Developed and applied the methodologies used in the early 1990s in USAID's
evaluations of population and child survival activities in Latin America,
Asia, and Africa; this work led to successful insights for a more efficient
programming of USAID's multi-million dollars interventions in this area.
· Designed and managed USAID evaluations of donors' social safety net
interventions in support of structural adjustment; the result of this work
influenced social safety net efforts in the tens of millions($) intended to
compensate for potential short-term adverse social effects of economic reform.
Senior Program Economist and Evaluation Officer, Bureau for Asia, the Middle
East and Europe, U.S. Agency for International Development (Washington D.C.).
Coordinated technical economic analysis support to A.I.D. missions in the
Middle East and Europe (1990 to 1991).
· Shaped USAID's early 1990's analysis of Eastern European countries' social
safety net needs and of USAID strategy for strengthening them; chaired an
inter-agency committee and gained support for USAID safety net initiatives
from the U.S. State and Labor Departments.
· Completed and presented a seminal work on the policy reform process in
Central American countries; the work contributed to USAID's understanding of
policy reform sequencing, a crucial issue for Eastern Europe, and on the
interaction between political and external forces influencing the timing and
direction of stabilization and structural adjustment.
· Directed the analysis of program performance indicators to be used in
connection with programs in Morocco, Tunisia, Jordan, and Yemen; work resulted
in improved Mission performance indicators and better defined development
Deputy Chief, Planning and Economic Analysis Office, USAID Mission to El
Salvador. (San Salvador, El Salvador). Coordinated the: policy dialogue with
host government in promotion of policy reforms; Mission's economic analysis of
projects; specification of the Mission's long-term strategy; and, the applied
economic research program. Managed staff (1988 to 1990).
· Negotiated changes in labor market, monetary, trade, and price policies with
cabinet level government officials; through position papers, special studies,
oral presentations, and discussions with top government officials and private
sector leaders significantly contributed to moving forward the structural
· Motivated USAID El Salvador's reassessment of its strategy through the
quantification of alternative strategy-based scenarios, oral presentations,
position papers, and debate; the result was a change in Mission's emphases
toward a much stronger and effective policy dialogue involvement in its $400
million annual program of economic assistance.
· Secured compliance with structural reforms and stabilization conditions in
El Salvador as part of a $300 million bilateral balance-of-payments support
country agreement; achieved compliance through the development of an
effective monitoring and consultation mechanism; with country real GDP annual
growth of over 6% per year,compliance resulted in one of the outstanding
country-economic successes in Latin America.
Deputy Chief, Office of Economic and Program Analysis, USAID Mission to
Honduras (Tegucigalpa, Honduras). Coordinated and monitored stabilization and
structural reform programs and directed economic analyses of projects. Managed
staff (1986 to 1988).
· Conceptualized and carried out an influential analysis of a proposed $20
million small-business project ; the analysis significantly enhanced the
potential for successful impact of USAID interventions.
· Spearheaded the Mission's efforts to analyze the impact of the
macroeconomic and institutional settings on small businesses; the resulting
studies significantly influenced the design of the Mission's multi-million($)
private sector program.
· Developed a methodology to estimate the GDP and employment contributions of
USAID projects and programs; the results enabled USAID to compare GDP and
employment contributions across projects and to assess the economy and/or
sector wide dimensions of the impact of the Mission's portfolio.
Senior Economist, Bureau of Program and Policy Coordination, Agency for
International Development(Washington D.C.). Economic policy design and
evaluation; project analysis and management; technical backstopping to USAID
missions overseas (1983 to 1985).
· Led the design and adoption of Agency-wide and region specific approaches
to interest rate, labor market, and capital market policies; conducted Agency-
wide workshops; resulted in a much more effective application of Agency
programs involving billions of dollars.
· Secured resolutions favorable to United States Government positions in an
international conference of Labor Ministers; relied on negotiations with high
ranking officials and presentations during conference meetings; a result was
more efficient labor market policies leading to faster productive employment
Economic Consultant: The World Bank, The Organization of American States, The
Government of Jamaica, American Institute for Free Labor Development
(Washington D.C.). Evaluated economic conditions in selected countries for
the adoption of policy actions; prepared development manuals for use in
training applications (1982 to 1983).
· Spearheaded the changes in training programs and labor market statistics in
Barbados and Jamaica; actions resulted in more accurate and policy-relevant
labor market statistics, as well as more cost-effective training policies.
· Developed a methodology for measuring the labor market impacts of tourism
in English-speaking Caribbean countries; methodology successfully implemented
by number of tourism and planning ministries after dissemination by the
Organization of American States.
Regional Labor Markets and Population Advisor for Central America and the
Caribbean, United Nations International Labor Office (Guatemala,Panama).
Technical assistance to governments; monitoring and technical backstopping of
other United Nations personnel; project development and execution. Managed
staff (1980 and 1981).
· Led negotiations with high-level government officials in Guatemala and
brought a United Nations-financed prominent national project out of an ominous
impasse; readjusted objectives, identified needed activities and corresponding
input requirements, redistributed tasks among national and international
personnel, and steered antagonistic parties to the acceptance of a pertinent
work program; the project enhanced demographic assessment practices in
· Spearheaded the identification and development of technical assistance
projects relating to labor market, population, and social sectors in behalf of
the governments of Panama, Guatemala, Costa Rica and Honduras; identified
issues, assessed means and goals, clarified technical aspects and presented
mission reports to top level government officials; interventions resulted in
cost-effective development activities.
Technical Coordinator, United Nations Development Programme (Brazil).
Supervised and coordinated multi-country comparative applied economic research
activities. Managed staff (1974 to 1979).
· Salvaged an ongoing applied research project involving institutions in
twelve countries; developed, supervised, and managed the project to a
successful completion by providing needed orientation, resetting goals,
reallocating funds, and contributing to the solution of technical problems;
the effort resulted in the publication and widespread dissemination of
Research Associate (1971 to 1974) and Research Assistant (1969 to 1970), The
Brookings Institution (Washington D.C.). Economic and multivariate
statistical analysis; research coordination; administration of project
resources; preparation and editing of technical papers.
· Designed the structure, and negotiated its adoption, of a regional
organization linking the activities of more than thirty research and policy-
oriented institutions in 15 countries; used scenario analysis, position papers
and presentations in numerous workshops to obtain consensus; the result was an
institution which impacted economic policy analysis and research in many Latin
Adjunct Professor, Georgetown University and American University (Washington
D.C.). Professor of economics (1979; 1982-1985). Lecturer at Georgetown
University (1974) and Visiting Professor at Georgetown 1970-1973. During 1972
and 1973 programmed and coordinated the teaching of economics at the Inter-
American Labor Economics Program. Frequent lecturer at the George Meany
Center for Labor Studies during 1968 to 1974, and 1982 to 1985.
OTHER RELEVANT POSITIONS
Administrative Officer of the ECIEL Program of Joint Economic Studies on Latin
America, The Brookings Institution (Washington D.C.). Budgeting and financial
management, preparation of financial reports, participant in grant negotiation
(1972 to 1974).
Contributing Editor for Handbook of Latin American Studies Library of Congress
(Washington D.C.). Prepared reviews of economic literature relating to
selected South American countries (1972 to 1974).
PUBLIC SPEAKING EXPERIENCE : More than 60 seminars and conferences in the
United States, Latin America and the Caribbean, Europe, Africa and Asia.
SCHOLASTIC HONORS AND AWARDS
•Performance awards in 1984, 1992, and 1994; special letter of commendation,
1995 (U.S. Agency for International Development.)
•Organization of American States Fellow, Georgetown University;
•Magna Cum Laude, University of Puerto Rico;
•University Scholar, University of Havana and University of Puerto Rico;
•Spanish excellent (native language);
•Portuguese working knowledge (U.S. State Dept. Foreign Service Institute : R
4, S 3+);
•French working knowledge (State Dept. Foreign Service Institute : R 3, S 2
OVERSEAS PROFESSIONAL ASSIGNMENTS: Most Latin American and Caribbean
countries, Bulgaria, FYR of Macedonia, Poland, Portugal, Mozambique,
Swaziland, and Indonesia.
TECHNICAL PAPERS AND PUBLICATIONS
• PUBLISHED BOOKS AND RECENT SPECIAL STUDIES
Women in El Salvador's Labor Market: Present, Trends, and Prospects.
Author. United States Agency for International Development, Center for
Economic Growth, Economists Working Paper Series No 1, 1996.
Subsidized Credit Programs: The Theory, The Record, The Alternatives. United
States Agency for International Development, USAID Evaluation Special Study
Report No. 75, Center for Development Information and Evaluation, 1995.
Methodological Approaches to The Evaluation of Economic Reforms in The Context
of Adjustment: Issues, Solution Tools, and Suggestions for USAID. Project
manager and coauthor with Paul McNelis and James Walker. USAID Working Paper
No. 157, Center for Development Information and Evaluation, Washington D.C.,
Labor Market Issues in Tourism in the Enqlish Speakinq Caribbean Countries.
Author. Organization of American States, 1984.
An Introduction to The Economics of Labor in Developing Countries. Author.
Monograph in Spanish. American Institute for Free Labor Development, 1983.
Employment and Labor Force in Latin America : A Review at National and
Reqional Levels. Coordinator, leading contributor and editor. Organization of
American States, 1979.
The Wage Structure in LAFTA Countries. Collaborating author with Jorge
Salazar. Book in Spanish published by Ediciones SIAP, Argentina, 1979.
Employment, Industrial Concentration and Technology. Coordinator, leading
contributor and editor. Book in Spanish published by Ediciones SIAP,
• PUBLISHED ARTICLES AND TECHNICAL REPORTS
The Impact of The Indonesian Stock Exchange on Employment and Growth.
Monograph in process; advanced draft available. Coauthor with Jerre Manarolla
and Michael Shea. USAID Economic Growth Center, 1996.
"A Review of Economic Policies and Strategies for Trade and Industrialization
in Central America" in Irma T. de Alonso, editor, Trade Industrialization and
Integration in Twentieth-Century Central America. Praeger, 1994.
"The Labor Market and Retirement Pensions in Cuba During The Transition:
Reflections on The Social Safety Net Experience of Former Socialist
Countries", in Association for The Study of The Cuban Economy Cuba in
Transition, Volume 4. Florida International University, 1994.
"The Adjustment Effects on The Poor: A Literature Review", Paper presented at
the Annual Meeting of The Eastern Economic Association, Washington D.C. 1993.
"Reflections on Systemic Economic Policy Reform: Lessons, Evaluation and
Social Costs" in Association for The Study of The Cuban Economy, Cuba in
Transition, Volume 2. Florida International University 1993.
A Proposal for Assessing USAID's Support for Reform of Financial Sector
Policies. Discussion paper for USAID's Center for Development Information and
Evaluation. Coauthor with James Walker. Washington D.C., 1993.
"Economic Reforms in Four Central American Countries: Patterns and Lessons
Learned," in Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, Vol 34, No 4.
"Evaluating Broad Economic Policy Changes Aimed at Structural Reform: A
Concepts Piece on Methodology." Paper presented at the Workshop Assessment of
The Agency for International Development's Policy Reform Program. USAID and
Institute for Policy Reform Washington D.C., 1992.
"Comments on Analyses of The Energy and Tourism Sectors of Socialist Cuba" in
Cuba in Transition, Volume 1. Florida International University, 1992.
Economic Analysis of Family Planning in Honduras. An evaluation study
prepared for USAID's Center for Development Information and Evaluation.
Washington D.C., 1992.
A.I.D. Assistance for the Social Safety Net in Poland: Report and
Recommendations. Paper prepared for USAID's Bureau for Europe and The Near
East. Washington D.C., 1991.
Supporting Structural Change in Bulgaria: Project Paper for An Agriculture
Sector Grant. Coauthor. Paper prepared for USAID's Bureau for Europe and The
Near East. Washington D.C., 1991.
Methodological Guidelines for the Analysis of the Export-Support Services
Industry. Background paper prepared for the evaluation of Export Projects.
Prepared for USAID's Center for Development Information and Evaluation.
Washington D.C., 1991.
USAID Assistance to Eastern Europe: A Social Safety Net and Other Avenues for
Assistance. Concept paper prepared for USAID's Bureau for Europe and The Near
East. Washington D.C., 1991.
Note on the Issue of Potential Moral Hazard and the A.I.D. Financial Guaranty
Initiative. Discussion paper prepared for USAID's Bureau for Europe and The
Near East. Washington D.C. 1990.
Economic Analysis of A Technology Transfer Project for Agriculture. Study done
for a pre-project assessment. USAID Mission in El Salvador. El Salvador,
A Scenario Approach to Labor Market Variables in El Salvador. Background
paper for USAID El Salvador's program development activities. El Salvador,
Addressing Frequent Financial Sector Issues. Discussion paper prepared for
The USAID Mission in El Salvador. El Salvador, 1989.
The Politics of Economic Reform. Background paper prepared for USAID El
Salvador and the Government of El Salvador. El Salvador, 1988.
Economic Analysis of A Free Zone Project. Study done for a pre-project
assessment. USAID Mission in El Salvador. El Salvador, 1988.
Modeling of El Salvador's Economic Performance : A Gap Approach. Background
paper for USAID El Salvador programming activities. El Salvador, 1988.
Trends and Lessons Learned in Contemporary Economic Development Thinking.
Concept paper prepared for The United States Embassy in El Salvador and USAID,
El Salvador. El Salvador, 1988.
Guidance for Evaluating USAID Strategy to Help Honduras Enhance Its Export
Potential. Concept paper for the Assessment of USAID Honduras' export
strategy. Honduras, 1988.
A Stock Exchange for Honduras? Discussion paper prepared for USAID Honduras
and The Honduras Stock Exchange Commission. Honduras, 1987.
Economic Implications of Strengthening Democratic Institutions in Honduras.
Concept paper for USAID Honduras programming activities. Honduras, 1987.
Honduras and The Lowest Income Economies. What Do Selected Indicators Say?
Concept paper prepared for USAID Honduras. Honduras, 1988.
Economic Analysis of A Small Business Project. Economic assessment of a USAID
Honduras project. Honduras, 1987.
Economic Analysis of A Vocational Training Project. Aconomic Assessment of a
USAID Honduras project. Honduras, 1987
Guidelines for Measuring the Contributions to GDP and Incomes of Rural
Projects. Methodological paper for the assessment of selected impacts of
USAID Honduras and USAID projects. Honduras, 1986.
Measuring Project Contributions to Social and Economic Objectives. Concept
paper prepared for USAID Honduras. Honduras, 1986.
Reflections on Small Enterprises and The Private Sector Connection to
Development. Concept paper prepared for USAID Honduras. Honduras, 1986.
Economic Analysis of A Farming Project: Farmers' Organizations Strengthening.
Study manager and coauthor with Randall Peterson. Pre-project assessment for
a project by USAID Honduras. Honduras, 1985.
The Case for A Unified Exchange Rate System. Concept paper prepared for USAID
El Salvador as background for discussions with El Salvador's Central Bank and
Ministry of Finance. El Salvador, 1985.
A.I.D. Funding of Intermediate Finance Institutions (IFIs): Lessons Learned
and Guidance. Background paper prepared for USAID Bureau for Program and
Policy Coordination's Agency policy setting. Washington, 1984.
A Policy Approach to The Employment Problem in Developing Countries. Paper
presented at The International Conference on Employment Policy Implementation
held under the auspices of USAID Panama and The Government of the Republic of
Panama. Panama, 1985.
Employment Issues in Jamaica -- A Report for The World Bank. Background paper
for World Bank's discussions with the Government of Jamaica. Washington D.C.
"Labor and Employment in Barbados", in World Bank, Economic Memorandum on
Employment and Training Needs in Jamaica During the 1980's. Report
commissioned by the Government of Jamaica. Jamaica, 1982.
Adjusting a Macroeconometric Model for Social Variables. Study prepared for
the International Labor Office and The Government of Costa Rica. Panama,
"Unemployment in Latin America: Priority Areas for International Action in the
1980's", in Governance in the Western Hemisphere Aspen Institute for
Humanistic Studies, 1981.
The Development of Colon, Panama, and Employment Creation. Working Paper
Series, PREALC. Coauthor with Ricardo Lagos and Jose Wurgaft. Study prepared
at the request of the Government of Panama. International Labor Office, 1981
Population Dynamics and Employment in Guatemala. Paper prepared for The
International Labor Office and The Government of Guatemala. International
Labor Office, 1980 (in Spanish).
Sectoral Development and Productive Employment in Panama. Paper presented in
a Workshop for the Analysis of Employment Issues. Held under the auspices of
the Government of Panama. Washington D.C. 1979 (in Spanish) .
"Labor Supply in Latin America", Ensayos ECIEL, No. 5. Rio de Janeiro, 1978
A Proposal for Research on Economic and Demographic Determinants of Labor
Supply in Latin America. Paper prepared for the ECIEL Program of Joint
Economic Studies and The Rockefeller Foundation. Rio de Janeiro, 1978.
Labor Market Participation Rates in Latin America. Analysis prepared for the
ECIEL Program of Joint Economic Studies. Rio de Janeiro, 1978 (in Spanish).
"Manufacturing Wage Differentials in Venezuela and in Uruguay", Ensayos ECIEL,
No. 4. Rio de Janeiro, 1977.
"Intraindustry Differentials in Labor Productivity", in Victor Tokman and
Paulo R. Souza (eds.), El Empleo en America Latina, Siglo Veintiuno Editores,
1976 (in Spanish).
"Considerations on Labor Productivity Differentials: A Comparative Analysis",
in Jorge Salazar (editor) Industrialization and Employment, Organization of
American States, 1976 (in Spanish) .
Aspects of Population Growth in Latin America. Study prepared for the
Employment Project, ECIEL Program of Joint economic Studies. Brazil, 1976.
Labor Markets and Labor Force Absorption. Concept paper for the ECIEL Program
of Joint Economic Studies. Brazil, 1975 (in Spanish).
"Human Resources in Latin America", in Guidelines for Achieving Maximum
Employment and Growth in Latin America, Organization of American States, 1973.
Coauthor with Jorge Salazar.
The Wage Structure in Developing Countries : Issues and Findings. Study
prepared for the ECIEL Program of Joint Economic Studies' on wages. Brookings
Institution, Washington D.C., 1973.
"Colombia, Ecuador, The Guianas and Venezuela", in Donald E. J. Stewart
(editor) Handbook of Latin American Studies No. 35, Library of
Congress/University of Florida Press, 1973.
Venezuela. 1950-1976 : Variables. Parameters and National Accounts
Methodology, Inter-American Development Bank, 1968. Contributor with Oscar
Echevarria, main author.
15 August 1996